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CARDS OF CRIMEA
Simferopol
Simferopol Alushta – Yalta
Simferopol - Sevastopol
Bakhchisarai - Ah-petri - Yalta
Sevastopol – Yalta
Alushta – the Pike perch
Simferopol - Feodosiya
Feodosiya - reserve Opuk
Perekop - Black Sea
Tarhankut - Sevastopol
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the Sevastopol highway (М-26, 83 km): Rocky and the Observatory (Т-01-16, 14 km), Bakhchisarai and cave cities, Inkerman - Sevastopol

Rocky => Bakhchisarai => Sevastopol

Simferopol - Rocky – Bakla – Scientific (Т-01-16, 14 km)

Rocky

On 17 km of highway Simferopol-Bakhchisarai on the south the highway on the Observatory (settlement Scientific) leaves. This popular place of excursions, but also in itself road it is unusually beautiful and interesting. Settlement Rocky – the centre Alminsky kareroupravlenija . The white dense limestone which has received the name alminsky, bodraksky or inkermansky a stone, is extracted more than two thousand years. Now it cut by special cars on big stenovye blocks of which in 1970-1980th years the big microdistricts in all cities of Crimea are constructed. Remarkable plates for facing were delivered to England and other countries. At the left at entrance in Rocky two huge steps of an operating open-cast mine, and below it flooded with waters of springs an old open-cast mine tower. It is said that the lake with amazing turquoise water was formed unexpectedly and on its depth 15 metre lighting tower.

On departure from settlement in the narrowest part of a valley in hanging rocks set of grottoes. Grottoes in east board of a valley are called the Shaitan-koba (the Devil's cave) , is possible , because of rocks with outlines of the huge muzzle quite suitable the shaitan or the cannibal . the rests of bones of animals are (on the average found in one of grottoes and an instrument of labour of primitive people. It really the most convenient for spending the night, with an equal floor and a cosy canopy. But the most interesting grotto with the huge slanting arch for certain served the shaman.

From highway it is possible to get to the cave city of Bakla, and also to the equipped vacation spot at an ancient spring Afinis . Here it is possible to pass only by cars with good passableness, on a mountain bicycle or top.

Bakla - the ancient centre of the winemaking which has kept the rests of two manors with several tens stone pifosov (tanks) and davilnjami tarapanami. More all Bakla involves visitors with exposures of the rocks which have become by object of official excursion of the World geological congress of 1984 Already more of half a century here there pass practice the future geologists of leading high schools of Russia and Ukraine.


Trudoljubovka and Cool

In 6 km above with. Rocky (earlier with. Bodrak) is with. Trudoljubovka (Tau-Bodrak). Here already more than 50 years settle down base summer geological an expert the Sank-Petersburg university .

From a valley of Bodrak on the West in the Alminsky valley conducts through wood set of ancient pack tracks. And recently to them have increased also roads to open-cast mines where not only cut limestone, but also blow up strong and most beautiful diabase.

The village and huge scale of "black" archeology Is well-known. In the early nineties at building of asphalt road for again taken away cemetery crypts of times goto-alanskogo the breeding union have been opened. It is 3 - 8 centuries of our era.

But we will return actually to geological riddles a head river of Bodrak . This route can be made on foot, top or on a bicycle. Also on a jeep or a motorcycle. Highway villages above Trudoljubovka through the Mother-in-law's bridge (it coils like a snake sting or mother-in-law's language) rises sharply upwards, and the valley of Bodrak continues to go north to the Crimean reserve.

From the east over a valley the calcareous file of Kermen (443м) towers. The word "kermen" in general means a fortress in Turkic languages. At top ruins of small medieval strengthening which supervised this ancient road have remained.

Nearby to mountain Kermen there is an open-cast mine of magmatic breeds (porfirita, diabase, diorita). Limestone became especially dense not from age, and because that sated izvestju sea waters have appeared in contact with peregretym steam and magma from bowels of the Earth.

In a valley upper course all large beams with springs of all about one and a half ten picturesque ponds are blocked. The best bathing – in a pond of Aksimenty, and also in lake Domuzaran (kabanja a foot). Below a lake Domuz-aran dam (Kabanja a foot) - an old plantation of a tea rose.

In 7 km above highway a first coat partitions off a barrier, and a valley, its basis, vertical introduction of magmatic breeds is more exact. The small river here runs in the cleanest cascades strong bluish blocks. From here, kosuli and the Crimean red deer - virgin forests where from the Crimean reserve wild wild boars come already begin with knightly times considered the most aristocratic game.


Scientific

This settlement is based on height about 600 metres above sea level on a place which on long-term researches of scientists of the Pulkovsky observatory, possesses the best transparency of atmosphere. Tourists usually come towards evening. Get acquainted with a museum devoted to astronomical and space researches, and pass by the biggest in Europe of a telescope (on it conduct researches scientists of Ukraine, Russia and other countries), observe work of huge mechanisms in towers of telescopes. Admire a magnificent view on the Main ridge, where on Ah-Petrinsky jajle at good weather kinds silvery balls of a military space observatory. A forest park and lakes Scientific also are very good, well and with approach of darkness tourists have pleasure with dvuhsotkratnym increase to look at the Moon, Saturn with its rings and the closest stars.

From settlement Scientific the set of good first coats and to a valley of Bodrak, and to a valley of Kachi, and to reserve borders - to a valley of small river Martha will run.

Scientists who live in settlement - very interesting people. Naturally, and visitors to them come the entertaining. It is a lot of experts on the local nature. In settlement exhibitions, concerts and different cultural actions are arranged.


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In addition on the given theme:

Ршь¶хЁюяюыі
the Trolleybus line: airport "Central" - Simferopol – Alushta – Yalta (М-18, Е-105, 95 km)
Bakhchisarai - the Grand Canyon of Crimea – Ah-petri – Yalta (Т-01-17, 86 km)
Highway Sevastopol – Yalta (М18, 80 km)
Highway Alushta – the Pike perch (Р-08, 93 km), Kapsel and the Solar valley, ShChebetovka and Karadag, Koktebel – Ordzhonikidze - Feodosiya (Р-08, 55 km)
Feodosijsky highway (М-17, 120 km): Simferopol – Belogorsk – Old Crimea - Feodosiya
Feodosiya – Lenino (51 km), ShChelkino and cape Kazantip; Kerch (Е-97. М-17 from Feodosiya – 98 km) - Kerch strait, reserve Opuk
the Northwest from Perekopa to the item Black Sea (117 km)
the Western coast from the item Black Sea to the North side of Sevastopol (Т-01-04, Т-27-09, 160 km)

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